Brazil’s electoral system

On the 7 October Sunday, Brazil will elect a new president, vice president and congress. The President of Brazil can only be elected via absolute majority over a two round system and then has a 4 year term before the next the election.

The election of Governors and legislature will also be held on the Sunday.  The three main candidates so far expect to make the second round are Jair Bolsonaro, far-right and populist from the Social Liberal Party; former São Paulo Mayor Fernando Haddad representing the Workers’ Party; and environmentalist Marina Silva of the Sustainability Party.

Citizen participating in the general election will vote for the candidate they believe can take Brazil forward. The candidate who take more than 50% of the vote will be declare the elected  president  of Brazil, if no candidate achieves the 50% then there will be a second round runoff scheduled for 28 October.

In the second round runoff the candidate with the most votes will be considered the winner and elected the new president of Brazil. The General election is widely expected to go to the next around as no candidate is believed will achieve the 50% mark.

By Mokgethi Mtezuka

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