In the next 20 years farming will have drastically changed all over the world, with new technologies coming into play and an increase in the size of global population increase demand on food. The advancement of technology and the spread of electrification have helped evolved farming to the current state it in today.
However, the future of farming though could see huge changes in terms of farm workers. New technologies like automation, artificial intelligence and drones slowly shape the farms of the future as well as hydro farming which will impact farming productivity and efficiency.
Technologies like automated tractors, pickers, shakers and sprinklers will changes how crops are made and how many farm workers are responsible for making those crops. Hydro- farming lowers the need for vast amount of land and water, meaning that farming in the future could also become less rural and more urbanised or localised inside city and buildings.
Drones are also cited as a technology which will help in monitoring crops and farm land, determining early which crops are ready for harvest or need more irrigation and fertiliser. Drones could target specific areas for pesticides dispersal ending the need for blanket spraying as well removing weeds without destroying any crops.
Sensors, cameras and smartphone advancement will also help farmers in vastly increase monitoring, productivity and cost of farming. Real-time data will also be collect on a large number of areas allowing farmers to maximise their efforts.
The future of farming could see entire farms from before crops are planted to monitoring and adjusting to when they are harvested become completely automated.
Image source: VDI Wissensforum