Today South Africans celebrates Human Rights Day to commemorate the Sharpeville massacre that took place in 1960.
The Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) proposed an anti-Pass campaign to begin on March 21, 1960.
Black men were to gather at Sharpeville without their reference books and present themselves for arrest.
The order was given to disperse, after which the Police opened fire with sharp-point ammunition on the crowd of men, women and children – 69 people died and 180 were wounded.
It was more than a protest the Pass Laws of the apartheid regime, but it was an affirmation by common people rising in harmony to proclaim their rights.
When Nelson Mandela became president in 1994, he included this day in the list of national holidays.
South Africans are asked to reflect on their rights and how to protect themselves against violations.
Source : SA History