Xi’s wisdom offers new insights into global governance

Displayed with permission from China Daily

BEIJING — Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era offers new insights into the improvement of the global governance system, international politicians and analysts said in reading signals from the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC).

China, under the leadership of the CPC, endorses the common values of the whole mankind, including peace, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, and advocates a world truly shared by all where international affairs are jointly managed, the world order is jointly built, and economic and social progress are shared.


China champions the development of “a community with a shared future for mankind”, which has been widely accepted by the international community and become an important consensus of global governance.

Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico spoke highly of Xi’s innovative concept of promoting the establishment of a community with a shared future for mankind.

Lord Tu’ivakano, speaker of the Legislative Assembly of Tonga and former prime minister, said China’s impressive feat is an inspiration to developing countries including Tonga.

China has over the past five years set its own independent course governed by a policy of development-for-all, said Michael Steger, president of the Bay Area Chapter of the International Schiller Institute. He attributed China’s achievements to the strong Chinese leadership. His organization is a global political and economic think tank with headquarters in Germany and the United States.

Steger noted that China’s willingness to blaze its own pathway, with an orientation to share the means of development, has now become a stabilizing factor for the world.

With great strength comes great responsibility, and Xi has already displayed that responsibility, said Sourabh Gupta, a senior policy analyst at the Institute for China-America Studies, a Washington-based independent think tank.


As China gradually steps up onto the stage to take part in global governance, international observers have recognized it as a responsible stakeholder.

Speaking on China’s international leadership, Maksym Savrasov, head of the secretariat of Ukraine’s ruling party Petro Poroshenko Bloc “Solidarity”, said the achievements are vividly represented by the initiative on the construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (the Belt and Road Initiative), which was put forward by Xi in 2013.

The initiative envisions reviving the ancient overland and maritime silk trade routes that connect Asia with Europe and Africa, boosting inter-connectivity, trade and people-to-people links.

“We are convinced that this global initiative has an enormous potential. Today more than 65 countries are united around this idea,” or more than 60 percent of the world’s population, the Ukrainian lawmaker said.

Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain, senior leader of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, said: “The Belt and Road Initiative has been proved to be effective in addressing problems facing mankind. The government and people of Pakistan are willing to work together with the Chinese people to build a global community with a shared future.”

The Belt and Road Initiative “should be able to produce global public goods. I think it can be,” said Harvard professor Joseph Nye.

Former Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk said the initiative is a good instrument to promote win-win cooperation and equal partnership around the globe.

“China firmly adheres to the policy of non-interference. It does not impose its lifestyle upon others, but promotes cooperation. The Belt and Road Initiative is the vivid confirmation to this,” Kravchuk said.

As dozens of countries have joined the initiative, China has become “a major center of attraction” for all the people who wish to achieve development, said Mahmoud Raya, director of the “China in Arab Eyes” news website in Lebanon.


Over the years, China’s proposals, ranging from the Belt and Road Initiative and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, created to complement multilateral financial institutions like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, to the strengthening of multilateral institutions such as BRICS and Shanghai Cooperation Organization, have provided alternative solutions to major issues in global development, said Xulio Rios, director of the Spanish Observatory of Chinese Politics.

When the world faces uncertainties arising from persistent economic problems and serious disputes, China takes on greater global responsibilities, and China’s growing role in global affairs means a larger presence of emerging economies and developing countries in global governance, Rios said.

Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz said Xi’s strategic thinking maps out a bright future for the Chinese people and consolidates the foundation of world peace.

China’s success can provide other countries with inspiring experience in pursuing their own development and in promoting global peace and prosperity.

“Over the past five years, China has shown potential it has to the entire world,” said South Korean ambassador to China Noh Young-min, noting that Beijing has also begun to turn into a key player in the international community for world peace.

“Most of the countries admire the Chinese experience,” Raya from Lebanon added. “That’s why China will always be an inspiration for all the countries looking for peace, security and advancement.”

BRICS Media Forum to be held in Beijing this week

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BEIJING – The BRICS Media Forum, to be held in Beijing from June 7 to 8, will be attended by the leaders of 25 media groups from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

The attendees will discuss topics including multimedia innovation for media development, as well as media outlets’ duty and social responsibility.

The forum next week aims to improve the high-end dialogue platform for the mainstream media of BRICS countries, as well as advance innovation and promote fairness and justice of international public opinion.

During the forum, there will be a BRICS Media Joint Photo Exhibition to show the development and cooperation achievements of BRICS.

Proposed by Xinhua, the forum is jointly organised by the mainstream media groups of BRICS countries.

China, which took over the BRICS presidency this year, will host the Ninth BRICS Summit in September in Xiamen, Fujian province.

-Repubhub/China Daily

Beijing forum to boost exchanges among BRICS nations

May 31, 2017
Zhao Xinying
Displayed with permission from China Daily

The third annual BRICS Young Diplomats Forum got underway at Beijing Normal University on Wednesday.

Seventy young diplomats from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are taking part in the forum, which will run until Saturday and is aimed at boosting people-to-people exchanges among BRICS nations.

The event — organised by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Beijing Normal University and the government of Linyi, Shandong province — is seen as a warmup to the BRICS Summit in Xiamen, Fujian province, in September.

Wang Xiaolong, the Foreign Ministry’s special envoy for BRICS affairs, said at the opening ceremony that the forum would lay solid foundations for September’s summit.

Dong Qi, president of Beijing Normal University, added that the forum marked efforts by China to deepen understanding and friendship among young people from the five countries involved.

“Our university places great value on collaboration with BRICS nations, and we will take this opportunity to further cooperation with more higher education institutions in emerging economies,” he said.

He added that his university worked with more than 40 colleges and universities from BRICS nations in 2015 and established the BRICS University Alliance.

“We will keep on working together to make the alliance a platform for educational cooperation and people-to-people exchanges. We will also work together to set up research centers and launch joint academic programs,” Dong said.

-Repubhub/China Daily

Xi: Dialogue needed to calm region

Li Xiaokun
Displayed with permission from China Daily

President urges US leader to assist in defusing Korean Peninsula situation

The Korean Peninsula issue should be settled through peaceful means, President Xi Jinping told US President Donald Trump on Wednesday, adding that Beijing is willing to continue a dialogue with Washington on the issue.

Xi spoke by telephone with Trump on the issue just days after his meeting with the US president on April 6 and 7 in Florida.

Xi “stressed that China sticks to the target of the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula and that China is committed to peace and stability of the peninsula,” according to a news release issued by the Foreign Ministry.

“China holds that the issue should be solved through peaceful means and is ready to maintain communication and coordination with the United States on the issue,” the statement said.

The two presidents also talked about the situation in Syria. Xi said any use of chemical weapons is unacceptable and that the path of political settlement should be followed.

He expressed the hope that the UN Security Council would speak in one voice, as it is important for the council’s members to remain united over the issue.

Xi said his recent tete-a-tete with Trump at the Mar-a-Lago estate in Florida has produced important results, which have won a positive response from among the Chinese people and the international community.

He and Trump have increased mutual understanding and established sound working relations, he added.

He urged the two sides to promote economic cooperation, expand exchanges in military, law enforcement, technology and communication, enhance communication and coordination regarding major global and regional issues through a newly established four-pronged dialogue mechanism.

Xi also asked teams from China and the US to work together to make sure Trump’s visit to China later this year will achieve fruitful results.

Trump has called the meeting with Xi at Mar-a-Lago a success. He said he was looking forward to his state visit to China this year.

When asked about the reason behind the phone conversation, which came right after Xi’s US trip, Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said on Wednesday that the two presidents agreed to keep close communication through all kinds of channels.

“After all, the time of the meetings was limited,” he said.

Lu said Beijing had taken note of remarks made by US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson that Washington would consider talking with Pyongyang after the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north stops all nuclear and missile tests.

Ruan Zongze, executive deputy president of the China Institute of International Studies, said the situation on the Korean Peninsula issue is “very severe” and became an important topic of the phone conversation between the two leaders.

The US and the Republic of Korea to the south are conducting their biggest-ever military exercises, and the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier group is heading to the area.

“Once the situation is out of control, it will be a disaster to China and the region. So China has clearly expressed its resolution to keeping stability there, which is Beijing’s bottom line,” Ruan said.

The change of tone is a move forward in the right direction on the issue, Ruan added.

Xinhua contributed to this story.

Chinese automakers thrive in South Africa by meeting local needs

By Lu Anqi | NO. 47 NOVEMBER 24, 2016

In its spacious showroom in Isando, a small town northeast of Johannesburg, Chinese automaker FAW Group displays its most popular vehicle models assembled in its plant in Port Elizabeth, one of South Africa’s largest cities, located east of Cape Town.

“It’s called the J5,” Ngoni Chaitwa said, pointing at a large white truck. “It can pull a trailer with a load of up to 34 tons. We call it ‘Beautiful Africa’ because it is doing very well in Africa.”

Chaitwa, a salesman with the company for three years, said FAW vehicles are doing well in the market because they are reasonably priced and most importantly, made in South Africa. This makes having access to spare parts and maintenance much easier.

Pioneer footprints
With the deepening of China-Africa cooperation, Chinese automakers have begun setting up factories in Africa, turning the dream of “Made in Africa for Africa” into a reality.

As a pioneer Chinese automaker, FAW’s journey to Africa began in the 1970s when its vehicles were used in the construction of the Tanzania-Zambia Railway. “The demand has kept rising ever since,” said Hao Jianyu, Deputy CEO of FAW South Africa. “We are probably the first Chinese brand to have set foot on the continent.”

According to Hao, FAW started selling and shipping trucks to South Africa in 1994 and 10 years later established an assembly plant with an annual producing capacity of 5,000 trucks in the Coega Industrial Development Zone outside Port Elizabeth. The total investment in 2004 stood at $80 million.
“The launch has proved to be a big step forward in FAW’s localisation,” Hao said. “People know that we invest here and are determined to ‘take root’ in Africa, so they have confidence in us. Our market share has witnessed continuous growth since 2013, rising from the 0.9 percent growth rate then to 4.2 percent in the first three quarters of 2016, despite the weak market demand resulting from the global economic downturn.”

In 2015, the Coega plant produced 1,000 vehicles, mainly sold in South Africa. In 2016, the target is between 1,200 and 1,300.

Hao attributed the growth also to the fact that Chinese automakers have become better known and are adapting to local needs. FAW South Africa has 28 dealers in the country and more than 100 on the continent. It is building sales and after-sales networks to expand business and improve service.

This article first appeared on Beijing Review. Beijing Review is China’s only national English weekly news magazine published in Beijing by the China International Publishing Group (CIPG). 

China’s central bank sees continued net forex sales in October

November 15, 2016
Displayed with permission from China Daily

BEIJING – China’s central bank continued to see net foreign exchange sales in October as a weakening yuan increased capital flight pressure, data showed Monday.

The People’s Bank of China said its yuan funds outstanding for foreign exchange fell 267.9 billion yuan ($39.2 billion) in October to 22.6 trillion yuan.

It was a milder drop than the 337.5 billion yuan decrease in September but marked the 12th consecutive month of declines.

As the Chinese currency is not freely convertible under the capital account, the central bank has to purchase foreign currency generated by China’s trade surplus and foreign investment in the country, adding funds to the money market. Such funds are an important indicator for foreign capital flow in and out of China as well as domestic yuan liquidity.

Concerns about capital outflows had been on the rise as the economy slowed, the possibility of a US rate hike loomed and authorities revamped the forex mechanism last year to better reflect market changes.

China’s forex reserves shrank for a fourth straight month to $3.12 trillion in October, the lowest level since March 2011, as the central bank sold dollars to defend the yuan against a stronger US dollar.

The central parity rate of the Chinese currency weakened 176 basis points to 6.8291 against the dollar Monday, the lowest since 2009.

Delhi Air pollution: Lessons India can learn from China

6 November 2016
Displayed with permission from NewsGram

The Capital city of India faces the worst smog in 17 years, and it is worsening day by day but the authorities are yet to devise a proper action plan in order to tackle such a serious problem.

Since China had to deal with a similar situation and they managed to deal with it efficiently, India can follow China’s war against pollution policies.

Here are the few measures China took:

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Here are the few measures China took to counter pollution in their country:

Red alert
In 2015, in the month of December Beijing issued its first ‘red alert’ for high pollution and shut down schools, construction sites, factories and an odd-even rule were applied to private cars until the quality of air dropped below the hazardous levels. People were also urged to wear masks and take all kinds of protective measures.

Imposing Laws
On 1 January 2015, China’s Environmental Protection Law came into force. Before the amendment took place, the cost of compliance was much higher than the cost of noncompliance.

According to report, “the average cost of noncompliance under the ECL was less than 10 percent of the cost of environment rectification. Thus, polluters strategically chose payment of penalties over compliance for the obvious economic benefits.” In order to address the problem, EPL established a new penalty process, according to which the penalties are to be calculated on a daily basis until the rectification is completed.

In 2015, the country also appointed an environmental scientist as its Environment Minister.

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Online air reporting system
After China came to know about the hazardous air, China created an online air reporting system to monitor the hourly air pollution data from over 1,500 sites which included the details of airborne particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone and carbon monoxide.

Currently, the government regularly also releases air quality rankings for the cities.

Off the road
By 2017, high-polluting vehicles will be taken off the roads. Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and other large Chinese cities are slowly restricting the number of vehicles in order to curb air pollution.

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By 2017, Beijing region is also aiming to reduce the use of coal by replacing it with electricity from non-fossil fuels and natural gas. It also aims to close all excess iron, cement, steel, and all heavy industries that burn coal. By 2020 the city aims to be completely coal-free.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi